what does life estate mean on a deed

Notable, too, is that any legal problems that a remainderman incurs may affect the life tenant as well. In exchange for these guarantees, the life tenant’s responsibilities include paying all applicable property taxes on the home and performing or paying for any required maintenance and repairs.

The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. The language creates the “life estate,” which for that person is the right to live there as long as they want to.

Discover more about estates here. If the current fair market value of the home is $350,000, the donee (heir) will face a substantial capital gains tax hit on selling the property. An inter-vivos is a fiduciary relationship used in estate planning that is created during the lifetime of the trustor. Number 8860726. Generally, the only required action is filing the life tenant’s death certificate with the state’s registry of deeds. They are difficult to change, and require the consent of every one of the beneficiaries. Capital Gains Tax Advantage for the Remainder Owner(s). A day may come when a life tenant realizes that they would prefer to live somewhere else.

People who believe their beneficiary could benefit more from the income from the estate than a lump-sum inheritance often create life estates. This article is not tax, legal, or other professional advice and cannot be relied upon for any purpose without consultation and advice from a retained professional. The process is neither expensive nor time-consuming, and the potential benefits are numerous.

A major benefit of a life estate deed is that it can be used to pass property upon the life tenant's death without it being part of the life tenant’s estate. For More Information Contact this office (609) 842-9200. There is also a person who owns the property subject to the life estate, and that person is called the “remainderman.” That person takes full title to the property once the holder of the life estate dies. A life estate deed grants an individual the right to own the property during their lifetime. Practically speaking, one may pass ownership of their property to their children before they pass away but retain a life estate.

A life estate is restrictive in that it prevents the beneficiary from selling the property that produces the income before the beneficiary's death. The life tenant is the owner of the property until they die.

Gifted stocks are stocks given from one party to another, often as part of an estate planning strategy or for tax benefits.

A life estate deed designates the current homeowner as the life tenant of the property and the person who will assume ownership upon the life tenant’s death as the remainderman/remainder owner. A life estate deed allows you to transfer property while reserving an interest during your lifetime or during the lifetime of someone else. A life estate deed is really just a deed (which transfers a real estate interest from one person to another) with some special language thrown in. If a homeowner simply donates a home to an heir while the homeowner is still alive, even if done with an understanding that the homeowner will continue to live there, the recipient’s tax basis in the property will be the same as the donor’s tax basis at the time of the donation. They can in theory “assign” that life estate to another person, who would then have the ability to live there until the original life estate holder died!

That right ensures that a life tenant cannot, under any circumstances, be forced to leave the home by the remainderman or any other heir or relative.

But the estate cannot continue beyond the life of the beneficiary. A Life Estate is a simple tool that includes an ironclad guarantee that the current owner of a home, the life tenant, will never be jeopardized of their lifetime right to occupy and enjoy the home, and provides for a swift and effortless transfer of the home when the life tenant passes away. Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. I remember having to sign all the paperwork at the title office as a co-owner. This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them. In most cases, a life estate can be established simply by executing a new deed for the property with the help of a qualified attorney. What Are the Advantages of a Life Estate? If that occurs, they have the right to rent out the home and would then be entitled to 100 percent of the rental income for their lifetime. However, if a life estate is established for the home more than 5 years before the homeowner goes into long-term care, the home will be protected throughout the homeowner’s life and will stay in the family until the heirs, not the government, decide that it is time to sell. However, the life tenant retains an inviolable, exclusive right to use and occupy the property for the rest of their life. Are There Any Disadvantages or Risks Associated with a Life Estate? In many cases, the grantor and the life tenant are the same people, but not always. As a result, the property does not have to go through probate. Copyright 2020 by Archer Law Office, LLC | New Jersey Elder Law Attorneys | Powered by Silvernail Web Design, 29 East Railroad Avenue

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