population of indonesia 2019

[199][200] China, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, and Japan are the top five sources of visitors to Indonesia. [236] Examples of Indonesian native belief systems include the Sundanese Sunda Wiwitan, Dayak's Kaharingan, and the Javanese Kejawèn. The Indonesian archipelago has been a valuable region for trade since at least the 7th century when Srivijaya and later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. [98], British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described a dividing line (Wallace Line) between the distribution of Indonesia's Asian and Australasian species. The archipelago's strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade, including with Indian kingdoms and Chinese dynasties, from several centuries BCE. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. [25][216][217], The Javanese are the largest ethnic group, constituting 40.2% of the population,[4] and are politically dominant.

[189] The country is also an active producer of passenger trains and freight wagons with its state-owned company, the Indonesian Railway Industry (INKA), and has exported trains abroad. [307] The country had 171 million Internet users in 2018, with a penetration rate that keeps increasing annually. [162], Over time, the structure of the economy has changed considerably. Indonesia's expenditure on science and technology is relatively low, at less than 0.1% of GDP (2017). It consists of more than seventeen thousand islands, including Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi, and New Guinea (Papua).

[131] Jakarta is the only city granted a provincial government due to its position as the capital of Indonesia.

[160] The services are the economy's largest sector and account for 43.4% of GDP (2018), followed by industry (39.7%) and agriculture (12.8%). Indonesia sex ratio of total population, №9. Population: 270,625,567. Typhoons and large-scale storms pose little hazard to mariners; significant dangers come from swift currents in channels, such as the Lombok and Sape straits. [201], Nature and culture are prime attractions of Indonesian tourism. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). [35] Dutch and British traders followed. [19], After 1900, Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and native nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. [275], The cultural history of the Indonesian archipelago spans more than two millennia. [227], While the constitution stipulates religious freedom,[228][119] the government officially recognises only six religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism;[229][230] with indigenous religions only partly acknowledged.

The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), which secured the most votes in the 2019 elections, is the party of the incumbent president, Joko Widodo. A conservative Islamic territory, Aceh has the right to create some aspects of an independent legal system implementing sharia. Examples of these forms include Syair Abdul Muluk, Hikayat Hang Tuah, Sulalatus Salatin, and Babad Tanah Jawi.[312]. Most of the railways are in Java, used for both freight and passenger transport, such as local commuter rail services complementing the inter-city rail network in several cities.

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