Lookalikes/Substitutes: Hemlock (Tsuga spp.)

Relationships:  There are about 40 species of true firs in the world, 9 in North America. Keep the tree watered—do not allow it to dry out! At maturity, the cones shed their scales while still on the tree; therefore it is rare to ever see an intact fir cone on the ground.

Identification: See the article on Softwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Resin canals: absent (traumatic resin canals occasionally present), Earlywood to latewood transition: gradual. Comments: Fir is divided into different groupings, with the primary species in the western United States (including noble fir) all belonging to the white fir group. Names:  The name “procera” means “tall.” Noble Fir lives up to both its names, being both tall and noble! [caption id="attachment_21064" align="aligncenter" width="450"] Noble fir (Abies procera)[/caption]. Noble Fir                                                                                        The Pine Family–Pinaceae. A favorite Christmas tree, Noble Fir is easily recognized by upward curving needles that grow on opposite sides of a branch. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! and pine (Pinus spp.) Spruce (Picea spp.)

We have 4 in our region but only the Grand Fir, Abies grandis, is common in lower elevations. Common Uses: Construction lumber, paper (pulpwood), plywood, and other utility wood purposes. Birds, chipmunks and squirrels eat the seeds.

Female fir cones are borne at the very top of the trees. Notes: Fir species can’t be reliably separated from each other on the basis of macroscopic anatomy.

Glues, stains, and finishes well. Distribution: Noble Fir is found in southwest Washington, Oregon and northern California, mostly in the Cascade Mountains with some isolated populations in the coastal mountains of Oregon and the Willapa Hills of southwest Washington. (There are slight differences between the various species in density, texture, and grain evenness, but none provide a consistent means for positive identification.

It is, however, shade intolerant and eventually gives way to Pacific Silver Fir, Abies amabilis, or Western Hemlock. Also, they both lack resin canals and have little to no discernible scent. is difficult to differentiate from fir species: both have similar color, grain, and weight.

Shasta Fir, Abies x shastensis, is a common hybrid of Noble Fir and California Red Fir, A. magnifica; found in southern Oregon and California. Older branches may be covered with resin blisters. Watch video of wood finish being applied.

Cones are borne upright in the tops of the trees. Diagnostic Characters: All firs are easily recognized by the smooth bark on young twigs and small, round leaf scars left by dropped needles. The distribution of Noble Fir from Silvics of North America. Odor: Generally has no odor, though some pieces may have an unpleasant scent when green. Ornaments hang nicely from its open, symmetrically spaced branches.

Description Noble fir is a Pacific Northwest native that is best known as a highly desirable Christmas tree during the holiday season. Distribution: Pacific Northwest region of the United States, Average Dried Weight: 26 lbs/ft3 (415 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .37, .42, Modulus of Rupture: 10,790 lbf/in2 (74.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,619,000 lbf/in2 (11.17 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,730 lbf/in2 (39.5 MPa). *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted.

Use by people: The wood of Noble Fir is the strongest of the true firs and is suitable for light construction and pulping.

In the Landscape: It makes a beautiful specimen tree in the landscape. Noble Fir is a favorite Christmas tree species. Pricing/Availability: Noble fir is used as construction lumber and is commonly grouped together with other species of fir and hemlock and sold under the more generic label “HEM-FIR.” Prices should be moderate for such utility lumber, though clear, quartersawn, or other such specialty cuts of fir … It can grow quickly and can even surpass Douglas Fir. It was planted at much lower elevations than normal due to the vast areas of land that were being replanted after the eruption, (Weyerhaeuser Co. planted 45,000 acres!)

Keep watered in the summer until well established.–See Selecting a Christmas Tree on my sister website, habitathorticulturepnw.com ! Morphology: Noble fir is a large evergreen that can grow to a height of 140’ … Many species of fir have excellent stiffness-to-weight ratios, which rival other softwood species such as Sitka spruce (known for its combination of low density and relatively high modulus of elasticity). Shasta Fir, Abies x shastensis, is a common hybrid of Noble Fir and California Red Fir… Color/Appearance: Heartwood is usually white to reddish brown, with pale sapwood that isn’t clearly distinguished from the heartwood.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmastree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western … Workability: Generally easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though some drying defects may be present or occur while drying the wood.

Noble fir, known for its beautiful symmetrical appearance, is a tall conifer species found in the Pacific coastal ranges of North America at an altitude of 910-1,680 m (3,000-5,500 ft). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc.

Grouse eat the needles. It has long … Distribution: Noble Fir is found in southwest Washington, Oregon and northern California, mostly in the Cascade Mountains with some isolated populations in the coastal mountains of Oregon and the Willapa Hills of southwest Washington. Afterwards it may be planted at anytime! and to the fact that Douglas Fir seedlings were consequently in limited quantity. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable regarding decay resistance, with little resistance to insect attacks.

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