Photo: University of Maryland Extension / Ask an Expert. It is very popular in the South. Avoid overhead watering. Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension. We receive numerous questions about problems with these shrubs. Small, white flowers appear in late winter or spring, followed by black fruit almost the size of blueberries. Winter Injury of Cherry Laurel. You are here: The foliage is glossy, dark green, the flowers are white, and the fruit is black. Cherry laurel or Carolina cherry laurel (Prunus caroliniana) is a small tree or large shrub native to the southern U.S. Click on the links below to learn more about the individual varieties of laurel hedging. Cherry Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 20' tall and is dense and wide-spreading. They can have multiple issues that are attributed to environmental, climate, or site conditions. Tags: Author:Marian, cherry laurel, Diseases, insect pests, Shrubs, trees and shrubs. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org. As the fungus develops the underlying leaf tissue will turn brown and die and the young leaves can often be left with holes, brown patches and ‘tatty’ edges to them. The fungus Botryosphaeria causes limb dieback. The thick, leathery, dark green leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide, with wavy margins. Laurels affected by bacterial shot hole often have a yellowish halo around the holes.
They prefer full sun to light shade and fertile, well-drained soil. The growth rate is less than 12 inches a year. There are more than 45 genera and 1,000 species in the Lauraceae family to which laurel plants belong. The symptoms of mildew can make Laurel hedge plants look more like they have been attacked by insects rather than a fungus. This broadleaf evergreen shrub grows to a height of 12 to 15 feet and spreads to 12 feet.
Plant in partial shade to full sun. They can be used as topiary, hedge or screen. Mild, wet summer weather promotes this leaf spot. If you have any questions, please call our hedging experts or alternatively. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named.
This plant blooms in the spring. Mountain laurel’s cultural requirements are similar to those of rhododendron and azalea, so they can be grown together. It is sickeningly fragrant and free-flowering, even in heavy shade. The greenish-yellow flowers are without petals and not very ornamental. Bay leaves can be harvested and dried throughout the year. Bay trees are susceptible to white wax scale, which makes the leaves sooty and retards leaf growth. White flowered mountain laurel. A laurel hedge's roots become intertwined and make the border even stronger than a single plant. By Marian Hengemihle, Maryland Certified Professional Horticulturist, Consultant, University of Maryland Extension Home & Garden Information Center, Category: Lawn & Garden Landscape Use: Suggested uses for this plant include hedges and groupings. Most cherry tree problems result from environmental conditions (climate and weather) of the cherry tree or orchard; cultural practices, such as watering, fertilizing and pruning; pollination and fruiting habit. Q&A: What’s wrong with my cherry laurel shrubs? The affected shoots will wither and turn black very quickly, while this can look unsightly there should be no lasting harm as the days are getting longer and the weather getting warmer meaning the plants should make a new flush of growth fairly quickly. If you have any questions, please call our hedging experts or alternatively get in touch via our contact page. They can be used as shrubs or grown taller as small trees.
Some of this tree’s pests are mites, borers, and caterpillars. Cherry laurel flower spikes. Laurel hedge plants can suffer from frost damage in Autumn, winter or Spring.
During the growing season, wrap a piece of double-sided tape around one of the branches. The spread is 6 to 10 feet. Unlike some species, not all trees that share the name "Laurel" belong to the same family. Change ). (Often, they will turn yellow first before dropping) This is most common if the weather is very harsh during winter or turns very warm quickly in the spring especially when the hedge is planted late in the season. Portugal laurel is a densely branched shrub, 10 to 20 feet tall, or a multitrunked, spreading tree up to 30 feet tall. Cherry shot hole disease – The leaves have a shot hole pattern that looks like it was caused by an insect. Please send your questions and clear photos to the Home & Garden Information Center’s Ask an Expert service. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Sign up to receive our newsletter and discount codes. Mature Height/Spread: This evergreen, broadleaf shrub can grow to 20 feet but is generally kept smaller in the home landscape. Frost damage during the winter months can cause brown patches on established Laurels of all types and is usually at its worst when there is a very cold wind with no protective cover of snow to protect the winter foliage. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension.
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